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1897 - 1908

Theodor Herzl:
Founding Father of Modern Zionism

1897

TherdorHerzlA

By Herman Struck, 'Jüdischer Verlag', Berlin, 1897

Herzl, calling for a Jewish state in Palestine, said: "If you will it, it is no dream".

Theodor Herzyl B

By Theo Zasche, Vienna, January 1, 1897

Herzl lamenting on the remains of the Temple in Jerusalem.

THerzl C

"At Basel I founded the Jewish State".
Theodor Herzel, presiding over the first Zionist congress in Basel, Switzerland, 1897, calling for the creation of a home in Palestine for the Jewish people.

The Fashoda Incident

1898

fashodaIncidentMap

Britain declaired the entire Nile Valley belonged to the British, and that any French expedition
to the Upper Nile would be viewed as 'an unfrendly act'.

fashodaIncidentA

By Tenniel, 'Punch', March 5, 1898

fashodaIncidentB

French cartoon showing Albion as the big bad wolf and France as little red riding hood.

fashodaIncidentMapB

 

FashodaIncidentC

Le Petit Illustre Amusant (circa 1898)

The Protagonists: General Kitchner of England and Major Marchant of France.

fashodaIncidentD

By Tenniel, 'Punch', October 8, 1898

Showdown at Fashoda!
The British issue France and ultimatum: that France would have to evacuate Fashoda unconditionally or face war.

fashodaIncidentE

By Tenniel, 'Punch', October 22, 1898

French organ-grinder over playing a Fashoda tune outside of John Bull's house. Fashoda was the
closest France and Great Britain went to war since Waterloo in 1815.

fashodaIncidentG

'The Los Angeles Herald', November 16, 1898

The Cartoon which set Europe ablaze.

fashodaIncidentG

By Tenniel, 'Punch', November 19, 1898

Notice to France: "I, John Bull sit on Egypt's land solid as a fixture".

fashodaIncidentH

By Sambourne, 'Punch', January 31, 1900

The Capture of Osman Digna
Winston Churchill wrote of Osman "the celebrated, and perhaps immortal, Osman Digna", due to his many escapes and evasions.
The Sirdar is perhaps refering to the Earls Court exhibition show in London to display Osman.

fashodaIncidentI

Osman Digna (1836 - 1926)
The Ablest of the Mahdi's generals. "... without a doubt, the Arabs (from the Beja tribe)
are the most fierce, brave, daring and unmerciful race of men in the world".
(Sgt. Daney of the 18th Hussars)

Sinai Peninsula -
The Taba Incident

1906

sinaiPeninsulaMap

sinaiPeninsulaA

By Partridge, 'Punch', May 9, 1906

A border dispute at Taba between Anglo/Egypt and Ottoman/Palestine
over the line of demarcation between the Sinai Peninsula came close to war in 1906.
Taba incident 2 would come 75 years later.

The Anglo - Russian Division of Iran

1907

Anglo-Russian Map

angloRusianEntenteA

By Sambourne, 'Punch', October 2, 1907

Anglo-Russian B

By Raven Hill, 'Punch', December 11, 1911

Caption: British lion to Russian bear, "If we hadn't such a thorough understanding I might almost be tempted to ask what you are doing there with our little playfellow".

Young Turk Revolution

1908

YoungTurkRevolutionMap2

YoungTurkRevelutionA

By Sambourne, 'Punch', July 23, 1908

Young Turk tipping the Sultan Abdulhamid II off his throne.

1853 | 1878 | 1882 | 1897 | 1898 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916