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The Sykes-Picot Agreement

1916

Sykes-Picot map

The Sykes-Picot Agreement was a secret plan between Great Britain and France to divide the Middle East into spheres of influence and control.

The Map Makers

Sykes & Picot

Sykes-Picot Agreement, also called Asia Minor Agreement (May 1916), secret convention made during World War I between Great Britain and France, with the assent of imperial Russia, for the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire. The agreement led to the division of Turkish-held Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine into various French and British-administered areas. Negotiations were begun in November 1915, and the final agreement took its name from its negotiators, Sir Mark Sykes of Great Britain and Freancois Georges-Picot of France.
Sykes

By W.H., 'Vanity Fair'

English diplomat, Sir Mark Sykes, Lt. Col.

Picot

Source Unknown

French diplomat, Francois Georges-Picot

Hussein-McMahoon Correspondence

1915-1916

Between the Sharif of Mecca, Hussein bin Ali and Sir Henry McMahon, the British High Commissioner in Egypt.

Hussein-McMahon Letters

The British encouraged Sharif Hussein to revolt to distract the Ottoman Empire during WWI.

In return, the British promised Sharif Hussein that he would have all areas liberated form the Ottoman Empire in the Arab region except: "The two districts of Mersina and Alexandretta and portions of Syria lying to the west of the districts of Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo cannot be said to be purely Arab, and should be excluded from the limits demanded."

Syria 1916 Map

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