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1853 | 1878 | 1882 | 1897 | 1898 | 1914 | 1916

Anglo - Egyptian War of 1882

angloEgyptianMap

Arabi Pasha, an Egyptian colonel, initiated a coup against the Khedive of Egypt
and declared war on Great Britain, who in turn sent the British fleet and an expeditionary force
to crush Arabi's revolt. The Khedive was restored and Arabi sent into exile.

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By Sambourne, 'Punch', January 28, 1882

Two Colossi wearily joined at the hip.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', June 10, 1882

John Bull tames the Egyptian crocodile.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', July 15, 1882

The British Lion King!!!
Written on the scroll beneath the lion's paw: Suez Canal

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', July 22, 1882

The British navy bombards Alexandria for 10 hours, then lands an invasion of the city.

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By Thomas Nast, 'Harper's Weekly', July 22, 1882

'Alexandria's Bombardment and Burning'
Tears aside, the British Army moved on the Suez Canal and occupied Cairo.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', August 5, 1882

British lion to the Turkish fox, "you may be here de jure but I am here now de facto".

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', September 16, 1882

General Wolseley is in effect informing the Turkish Sultan that his services are no longer required in Egypt.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', September 23, 1882

General Wolseley defeats Egypts Arabi Pasha's forces. "Veni, Vidi, Vici" - "I Came, I Saw, I Conquered". - Julies Caesar, 47 B.C.

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By Tennison, 'Punch', September 27, 1882

Great Britain declares Egypt 'A British Protectorate'.

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By Harmsworth, 'History of the World'

Ahmed Arabi (a.k.a. Arabi Pasha of Egypt)
Arabi Pasha was defeated and captured at the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir. He was commuted to exile in Ceylon. Returned to Egypt in 1901.

Anglo - Sudan War
(The Mahdi Revolt)

1881 - 1899

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The extent of the Mahdi rebellion (green hatching)

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Muhammad Ahmad - the self proclaimed Mahdi.

The Mahdist revolt was led by Muhammad Ahmad, "The Mahdi". His call for Jihad
united the Sudanees into a Pan-Tribal army and with surprising success.
Utterly annihilated Egyption and British armys, culminating with the
establishment of the Mahdist state over much of the Sudan. He died in 1885.
It took Great Britain another 14 years to reassert its' power over the Sudan.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', April 12, 1884

By land by sea by camel?

General Gordon anxiously awaits a British relief force. Khartoum was completely cut off by the Mahdi army.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', February 14, 1885

General Gordon's Last Stand

Khartoum fell to the Mahdi January 26, 1885, and General Gordon slain. Two days later the steamers reached Khartoum.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', February 28, 1885

Australia, Canada and New Zealand pledge military assistance in retaking the upper Nile.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', November 21, 1891

British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury, calls for a reformed Egyptian army trained by British officers.

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By Edward Linley Sambourne, 'Punch', December 10, 1892

Cecil Rhodes' imperial vision of contiguous British territory between Cape Town, South Africa to Cairo, Egypt.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', March 28, 1896

'Remember Me'

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', April 23, 1898

General Kitchener, the Sirdar, led an Anglo-Egyptian army to reconquer the Sudan and avenge Gordon.
With dicisive victorys at Atbara and Omdurman, the Mahdist state was no more.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', September 17, 1898

EPILOGUE

The re-conquest of the Sudan is complete.

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By Tenniel, 'Punch', December 10, 1898

The Gordon Memorial College was officially opened in Khartoum by General Kitchner.

1853 | 1878 | 1882 | 1897 | 1898 | 1914 | 1916